Our plan to reduce mercury releases by 2025 is based on Minnesota's statewide mercury total maximum daily load (TMDL) study, which was approved by the Environmental Protection Agency in 2007. The plan includes input and recommendations from a broad range of stakeholders.
The impaired waters TMDL process consists of data collection and assessment, listing those waters not meeting water quality standards, developing a pollution reduction plan, implementing the plan, and then evaluating the implementation by collecting more data.
Statewide mercury TMDL
There is a strong connection between the Minnesota Department of Health's fish consumption advisory and lakes, rivers, and other bodies of water that have excess mercury. When the advisory is more restrictive than one meal per week, the water body is impaired. Fish in northeastern Minnesota have significantly higher mercury concentrations than fish in the rest of the state.
Mercury emitted into the atmosphere moves with wind and weather and may deposit anywhere, on land or water. Mercury pollution from outside the state affects Minnesota, and mercury concentrations in fish haven't significantly declined despite emissions reductions in North America. However, while we're seeing global increases in mercury emissions, ambient air mercury concentrations across the United States have fallen due to federal and state regulatory actions and market forces, indicating that local mercury reductions are still important.
The long-term goal of the mercury TMDL is for the fish to meet water quality standards, which will require a 93% reduction in state air emissions from 1990 levels. Regulated sources of mercury will be required to emit less than 1% of the total load to the state. All but the smallest dischargers must develop mercury minimization plans.
- Minnesota Statewide Mercury TMDL (wq-iw4-01b) (Approved by the EPA on March 27, 2007)
Every two years, the MPCA updates the approved statewide mercury TMDL. Mercury impairments are mainly for excess mercury in fish tissue but can also be for excess mercury concentrations in water columns, which are listed in Appendix A of the Impaired Waters List. Fish tissue impairments in Appendix A have mercury concentrations greater than 0.2 mg/kg and equal to or less than 0.572 mg/kg. Greater concentrations are not assigned to the mercury TMDL and result in inclusion in the TMDL list. The mercury TMDL documentation and reduction goals are not being changed with Appendix A revisions.
- See Minnesota’s Impaired Waters List for the most recent version of Appendix A
- Current list of NPDES permits covered by the statewide mercury TMDL: 2022 Revisions for Appendix B of the Statewide Mercury TMDL (wq-iw4-01z2)
- 2022 EPA approval letter and appendices (wq-iw4-01ag) (March 3, 2022)
- EPA TMDL Approval Letter, April 3, 2008
- EPA TMDL Decision Document
- Table 1: Revised Appendix A of the approved Mercury TMDL
- Table 2: New Mercury Impairments included in Appendix A
- Table 3: Lakes and river reaches removed from the 2006 TMDL List
- Table 4: Changes in assessment unit ID #s
- Table 5: Corrections to Region locations
- Table 6: Revised Appendix B of the approved Mercury TMDL
- Table 7: Change in NPDES Permit number from the original Appendix B
- Attachment 1: The original EPA approval letter for the MPCA Statewide Mercury TMDL, March 27, 2007
Miranda Nichols, 651-757-2614, 800-657-3864