The MPCA began a special project to monitor air quality in a heavily industrialized area of north Minneapolis in 2013. The project started as part of the MPCA’s process in re-issuing the air quality permit for Northern Metal Recycling, Inc., which operates a metal shredding facility south of the Lowry Avenue Bridge on the west bank of the Mississippi River. The project started with one monitor.
The air monitoring sites measure multiple air pollutants including total suspended particulates (TSP), coarse particulates (PM10), and air toxics (metals, VOCs, and carbonyls). The majority of air samples are collected for 24-hours once every six days. PM10 is collected hourly. To date, air monitoring has found violations of the state TSP standards, exceedances of the daily PM10 standard, and elevated metals concentrations at the monitors located adjacent to the Northern Metals facility.
Under a settlement that Northern Metals and the MPCA agreed to in Ramsey County District Court in March 2017, the company will move its metal shredding operation to a new location in 2019 (more info below).
- January 2013 — The MPCA begins air monitoring for fine particles (PM2.5) at Lowry Avenue (909)
- October 2014 — The MPCA adds TSP and air toxics monitoring to Lowry Avenue (909). In the first month of operation, the monitor violates the daily TSP standard.
- June 2015 — Monitoring for TSP, PM10, and metals begins at Pacific Street (910)
- January 2017 — Monitoring for TSP, PM2.5, metals, VOCs, and carbonyls begins at Bottineau/Marshall Terrace (1909)
Map of monitoring sites
Air monitoring results
Elevated levels of airborne particulate and heavy metals have been measured at the Lowry Avenue and Pacific Street sites. Air monitoring results have identified:
- Violations of the daily and annual Total Suspended Particulate (TSP) standards
- Exceedances of the daily PM10 standard
- Elevated lead concentrations, measured at 80% of the national lead standard
- Elevated heavy metal concentrations including three metals (chromium, cobalt, and nickel) measured above chronic inhalation health risk benchmarks
- North Minneapolis Air Monitoring Study: 2017 Data summary (aq2-209)
- North Minneapolis Air Monitoring Study: 2016 data summary (aq2-206)
- North Minneapolis Air Monitoring Study: 2015 data summary (aq2-78)
- Fine particle study results: North Minneapolis 2013-2014
Data reports (updated quarterly)
- North Minneapolis Air Pollution Monitoring Results (aq2-75)
- North Minneapolis Air Data Explorer — interactive data viewer
- For additional data requests, complete an Information Request Form (e-admin11-36).
What the MPCA is doing
The MPCA is actively working to address the elevated air pollution levels in the area surrounding these monitors.
Air monitoring is continuing at the Lowry Avenue and Pacific Street sites (sites 909 and 910, respectively) and the MPCA is providing timely public access to results. In 2017, the agency added a third air-monitoring site on the east side of the Mississippi River in the Marshall Terrace neighborhood at 2522 Marshall St. NE.
In addition to addressing Northern Metals, the MPCA is working with the city of Minneapolis to identify other sources in the area that may be contributing to elevated air pollution levels, and to have these facilities take pollution-reduction measures to improve air quality. These activities include increasing the frequency of site and street spraying and sweeping, moving activities indoors, and changing material-handling practices.
Northern Metal Recycling was ordered by Ramsey County District Court to cease operation of the Metals Recovery Plant effective September 2, 2016. Subsequently, on February 28, 2017, Northern Metals, the MPCA and the City of Minneapolis signed a court-overseen agreement (Consent Decree) requiring the facility to relocate its shredding operation by no later than August 1, 2019. On July 18 2019, the MPCA announced it would not grant Northern Metal Recycling's request to extend the shut-down date for its shredding operations in North Minneapolis to October 1, 2019.
The company disputed the decision and invoked their right to pursue dispute resolution with MPCA, an option available to them under the 2017 consent decree. On July 25, while the dispute resolution was still underway, the company requested court intervention to allow them to continue operation after August 1. On July 30, the Ramsey County District Court issued an order that allows Northern Metals to continue operating after August 1, while Northern Metals and MPCA are engaged in the dispute resolution process.
The MPCA reached a settlement agreement with Northern Metal Recycling regarding its errors in reporting emissions records. Under the settlement, Northern Metal Recycling will permanently shut down its Minneapolis facility at 6 p.m. on September 23, 2019. The company is required to pay a $200,000 civil penalty by October 1, 2019. The MPCA will also be able to reopen Northern Metal Recycling's permit for the new Becker facility to incorporate additional monitors and reports for pollution control equipment.
- Second Consent Decree with Northern Metal Recycling (September 23, 2019) (aq2-56)
- MPCA extension denial news release
- Northern Metals extension Frequently Asked Questions (aq2-56f)
- MPCA news release (2017)
- Ramsey County District Court Order
- MPCA Consent Decree with Northern Metal Recycling