Complying with the MS4 general permit

The online Minnesota Stormwater Manual is a comprehensive resource for permittees and others managing stormwater in Minnesota. It serves as a guide to best management practices and other tools to help you in your work.

Stormwater systems covered under the MPCA's general municipal stormwater permit must develop Stormwater Pollution Prevention Programs (SWPPPs). An effective SWPPP has six components, called minimum control measures (MCM).

MCM 1: Public education and outreach

An educated and informed community can not only prevent pollution in stormwater, but also identify and report illicit discharges or construction activities that may negatively affect stormwater. Permittees must create an education and outreach program to inform residents about the impacts of stormwater and foster proper stormwater management behaviors.

MCM 2: Public participation/involvement

Permittees must motivate their communities to act to prevent stormwater pollution. Common activities in Minnesota include storm drain stenciling, storm drain adoption programs, and volunteer monitoring programs.

MCM 3: Illicit discharge detection and elimination

Storm sewers in Minnesota generally discharge directly to lakes, rivers, and wetlands. Ideally, only stormwater should enter a storm sewer system. Permittees must implement a program to detect and eliminate illicit discharges to their systems.

MCM 4: Construction site stormwater control

Stormwater running off construction sites can carry sediment and other pollutants into nearby wetlands, rivers, and lakes. Permittees must enforce construction site stormwater runoff controls to reduce the impacts of land disturbing activities on stormwater.

MCM 5: Post-construction stormwater management

Managing stormwater onsite post-construction can mitigate the impacts of paved surfaces. Permittees must enforce a post-construction stormwater management program that prevents or reduces stormwater pollution in new and redevelopment projects.

MCM 6: Pollution prevention/good housekeeping

It's generally easier and less expensive to prevent pollution than to restore surface waters once they're polluted. Permittees must take steps to prevent stormwater pollution, as the first line of defense for many pollutants entering storm sewer systems.


Unlike other National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits, MS4 permits don't specify end-of-pipe discharge effluent limits. MS4 permits use program requirements to reduce pollutants discharged. Permittees have the flexibility to select which practices they'll use to meet permit requirements. The MPCA evaluates permittees for program compliance, the appropriateness of their management practices, and progress towards their identified and measurable goals. Learn more in the Minnesota Stormwater Manual.

Annual reports

Parties subject to the MS4 general permit must submit their their annual reports to the MPCA by June 30 each year. The report details permit activities from the previous calendar year. Get more details from the Minnesota Stormwater Manual.