Waste Management Act and related laws

While every attempt has been made to ensure that the information on this website is accurate and timely, it is not intended to replace the official source. Minnesota Statutes, Session Laws, and Rules are edited and published by the HTML icon Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes.

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Waste Management Act

Minn. Stat. §115A, also known as the Waste Management Act, outlines waste management practices that protect the state’s land, air, water, and public health.

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.01-115A.03

The goal of this chapter to protect the state's land, air, water, and other natural resources and the public health by improving waste management in the state to serve the following purposes:

  1. Reduction in the amount and toxicity of waste generated
  2. Separation and recovery of materials and energy from waste
  3. Education in indiscriminate dependence on disposal of waste
  4. Coordination of solid waste management among political subdivisions
  5. Orderly and deliberate development and financial security of waste facilities including disposal facilities

The waste management goal of the state is to foster an integrated waste management system in a manner appropriate to the characteristics of the waste stream and thereby protect the state's land, air, water, and other natural resources and the public health. The following waste management practices are in order of preference:

  1. Waste reduction and reuse
  2. Waste recycling
  3. Composting of source-separated compostable materials, including but not limited to, yard waste and food waste
  4. Resource recovery through mixed municipal solid waste composting or incineration
  5. Land disposal which produces no measurable methane gas or which involves the retrieval of methane gas as a fuel for the production of energy to be used on site or for sale
  6. Land disposal which produces measurable methane and which does not involve the retrieval of methane gas as a fuel for the production of energy to be used on site or for sale

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.06-115A.13 - Pollution Control Agency

Chapter includes

  • Powers - 115A.06
  • Duties - 115A.07
  • Environmental assistance grants and loan program - 115A.0716
  • Public education - 115A.072
  • Environmental education goals and plan - 115A.073
  • Environmental education resource centers - 115A.074
  • Legislative policy against hazardous waste - 115A.75
  • Duties of the MPCA: Hazardous waste facilities: Encouraging private enterprise - 115A.10
  • Hazardous waste management plan - 115A.11
  • Toxics and pollution prevention evaluation - 115A.121

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.1310-115A.1330 - Video displays and electronics

Chapter includes

  • Definitions - 115A.1310
  • Registration program - 115A.1312
  • Manufacturer's registration fee - 115A.1314
  • Reporting requirements - 115A.1316
  • Responsibilities - 115A.1318
  • Agency and department duties -115A.1320
  • Other recycling programs - 115A.1322
  • Anticompetitive conduct - 115A.1323
  • Requirements for purchases by state agencies - 115A.1324
  • Regulation of video display devices - 115A.132
  • Multistate implementation - 115A.1328
  • Limitations - 115A.1330

Related resources

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.1415-115A.142 - Paint

Chapter includes

  • Architectural paint; product stewardship -115A.1415
  • Report to Legislature and Governor - 115A.142

Architectural paints are defined as interior and exterior architectural coatings sold in containers of 5 gallons or less. They do not include aerosol products (spray cans), industrial maintenance (IM), original equipment manufacturer (OEM), or specialty coatings.

Related resources

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.15-115A.151 - Resource recovery

Chapter includes

  • State government resource recovery - 115A.1415
  • Recyclable material container requirement for public entities - 115A.142

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.152-115A.31 - Hazardous and industrial waste

Chapter includes

  • Technical and research assistance to generators - 115A.152
  • Processing and collection facilities and services RFPs - 115A.158
  • Siting and facility development authority - 115A.175
  • Legislative findings - 115A.18
  • Procedure not exclusive - 115A.19
  • Voluntary contracts with counties - 115A.191
  • Stabilization and containment facility RFPs - 115A.192
  • Report on facility development - 115A.193
  • Evaluation and selection of sites: Permits - 115A.194
  • Public participation in ownership and management facility - 115A.195
  • Evaluation of sites - 115A.20
  • Stabilization and containment facilities; estimate of need; economic feasibility - 115A.24
  • Final decision - 115A.28
  • Judicial review - 115A.30
  • Indemnification from stabilization and containment facility - 115A.301
  • Local government decisions; timelines - 115A.31

Related resources

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.32-115A.39 - Supplementary review

Chapter includes

  • Rules - 115A.32
  • Eligibility; request for review - 115A.33
  • Appointment of board members - 115A.34
  • Review procedure - 115A.35
  • Scope and content of review - 115A.36
  • Final decision of board - 115A.37
  • Reconciliation procedures - 115A.38
  • Judicial review - 115A.39

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.411-115A.5502 - Policy and programs

Chapter includes

  • Solid waste management policy; consolidated report - 115A.411
  • Substandard disposal facilities - 115A.415
  • Regional and local solid waste management planning - 115A.42
  • Technical assistance - 115A.45
  • Regional and local solid waste management plan requirements - 115A.46
  • Public entities; Management of solid waste - 115A.471
  • Market development for recyclable materials and compost - 115A.48
  • Solid waste management projects - 115A.49
  • Eligible recipients - 115A.50
  • Application requirements -115A.51
  • Technical assistance for projects - 115A.52
  • Waste processing facilities - 115A.54
  • Plan; grant requirement -115A.541
  • Waste reduction -115A.55
  • Reduction of packaging in waste - 115A.5501
  • Packaging practices; preferences; goals - 115A.5502
  • Recycling (SCORE) - 115A.551
  • Opportunity to recycle -115A.552
  • Collection and transportation of recyclable materials - 115A.553
  • Authority of sanitary districts - 115A.554
  • Recycling center designation - 115A.555
  • Materials used for recycling -115A.556
  • County waste reduction and recycling funding - 115A.557
  • Safety guide - 115A.558
  • Composting competitive grant program - 115A.559

Related resources

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.58-115A.59 - Bonds

Chapter includes

  • Minnesota state waste management bonds – 115A.58
  • Bond authorization and appropriation – 115A.59

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.62-115A.72 - Districts

Chapter includes

  • Purpose; public interest; declaration of policy - 115A.62
  • Solid waste management districts - 115A.63
  • Procedure for establishment and alteration - 115A.64
  • Perpetual existence - 115A.65
  • Termination - 115A.66
  • Organization of district - 115A.67
  • Registered office - 115A.68
  • Powers - 115A.69
  • Designation of resource recovery facilities; required use - 115A.70
  • Bonding powers - 115A.71
  • Solid waste authority - 115A.715
  • Audit - 115A.72

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.80-115A.893 - Designation of facilities

Chapter includes

  • Designation of solid waste management facilities; purpose - 115A.80
  • Definitions - 115A.81
  • Eligibility - 115A.82
  • Wastes subject to designation; exemptions - 115A.83
  • Designation plan - 115A.84
  • Procedure - 115A.85
  • Implementation of designation - 115A.86
  • Judicial review; Attorney General to provide counsel - 115A.87
  • Service guarantee - 115A.88
  • Records; inspection - 115A.882
  • Supervision of implementation - 115A.89
  • Petition for exclusion - 115A.893

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.90-115A.916 - Tires, batteries, oil

Chapter includes

  • Definitions - 115A.90
  • Permit; tire collectors, processors - 115A.902
  • Land disposal prohibited - 115A.904
  • Motor vehicle transfer fee - 115A.908
  • Shredder residue; management - 115A.909
  • Waste tire management -115A.912
  • Administration; county planning and ordinances - 115A.914
  • Lead acid batteries; land disposal prohibited - 115A.915
  • Transportation of used lead acid batteries - 115A.9152
  • Disposal of certain dry cell batteries - 115A.9155
  • Rechargeable batteries and products - 115A.9157
  • Motor vehicle fluids and filters; prohibitions - 115A.916

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.918-115A.929 - Local fee authority

Chapter includes

  • Definitions - 115A.918
  • County fee authority - 115A.919
  • City or town fee authority - 115A.921
  • Greater Minnesota landfill cleanup fee - 115A.923
  • Fees; accounting - 115A.929

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.93-115A.9302 - Collection requirements

Chapter includes

  • Licensing of solid waste collection - 115A.93
  • Solid waste collection; volume- or weight-based pricing - 115A.9301
  • Waste deposit disclosure - 115A.9302

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.931-115A.936 - Prohibitions

Chapter includes

  • Yard waste prohibition - 115A.931
  • Mercury prohibition - 115A.932
  • Solid waste generated outside of Minnesota - 115A.935
  • Construction debris as cover material prohibited - 115A.936

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.94-115A.941 - Collection

Chapter includes

  • Organized collection – 115A.94
  • Solid waste; required collection – 115A.941

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.945 - Costs

Chapter includes

  • Visible solid waste management costs – 115A.945

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.951 - Phone directories

Chapter includes

  • Telephone directories – 115A.951

HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.952-115A.981 - Problem materials

Chapter includes

  • Retail sale of problem materials; Uniform labeling and consumer information - 115A.952
  • Solid waste disposal problem materials - 115A.956
  • Major appliances - 115A.9561
  • Cathode-ray tube prohibition - 115A.9565
  • Household hazardous waste management - 115A.96
  • Household batteries; collection, processing, and disposal - 115A.961
  • Prohibitions on selected toxics in packaging - 115A.965
  • Listed metals in specified products; enforcement - 115A.9651
  • Special waste; incinerator ash - 115A.97

A problem material is something that:

  • Releases a hazardous substance, pollutant or contaminant
  • Pollutes the water
  • Contributes to air pollution
  • posses a significant threat to the safe or efficient operation of a solid waste facility

    HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115A.99 - Litter

    Chapter includes

    • Litter penalties and damages – 115A.99

     

    Waste-related acts and laws

    HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115B - Environmental Response and Liability Act

    In 1983, the Minnesota Legislature passed Environmental Response and Liability Act to help pay for cleanup of hazardous substances.

    Waste-related chapters

    • Citation – 115B.01
    • Definitions – 115B.02
    • Responsible person – 115B.03
    • Liabilities and recovery – 115B.04 – 115B.15
    • Disposition of facilities – 115B.16
    • State response to releases – 115B.17
    • Protection from liability – 115B.175-115B.179
    • Failure to take action – 115B.18
    • Funds and taxes – 115B.19-115B.241
    • Harmful substance compensation – 115B.25-115B.37
    • Landfill cleanup program – 115B.39-115B.46
    • Dry cleaner environmental response and reimbursement law – 115B.47-115B.51

    HTML icon Minn. Stat. 115D - Toxic Pollution Prevention Act

    Enacted in 1990, the goal of the Toxic Pollution Prevention Act encourages activities that minimize or prevent pollution.

    This chapter includes:

    • Citation – 115D.01
    • Policy – 115D.02
    • Definitions – 115D.03
    • Pollution prevention assistance program – 115D.04
    • Governor's Award for Excellence in Pollution Prevention – 115D.06
    • Toxic pollution prevention plans – 115D.07
    • Progress reports – 115D.08
    • Confidentiality – 115D.09
    • Toxic pollution prevention evaluation report – 115D.10
    • Pollution prevention fees – 115D.12
    • Definitions – 115D.14
    • Reports to Legislature – 115D.15

    HTML icon Minn. Stat. 116 - Pollution Control Agency

    Established in 1967, the MPCA works to protect and improve our environment and enhance human health.

    Waste-related chapters

    • Annual pollution prevention report – 116.011
    • Definitions – 116.06
    • Powers and duties – 116.07
    • Abandonment of hazardous waste – 116.071
    • Administrative penalties – 116.072
    • Field citations – 116.073
    • Permit conditions – 116.074
    • Air contaminant and waste facilities and systems – 116.081
    • Hazardous waste control and spill contingency plan – 116.101
    • Emergency powers – 116.11
    • Hazardous waste administration fees – 116.12
    • Hazardous waste facilities liability – 116.14
    • Waste facility training and certification – 116.41
    • Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) regulation – 116.70-116.74
    • Infectious waste control act – 116.75-116.835
    • Monitors for incinerators – 116.84-116.86
    • Residential lead paint waste – 116.87-116.89
    • Refuse-derived fuel – 116.90
    • Citizen reports of environmental violations – 116.91
    • Mercury contamination reduction – 116.915-116.94

    HTML icon Minn. Stat. 297H - Solid waste management tax

    Waste-related chapters include

    • Definitions - 297H.01
    • Residential generators - 297H.02
    • Mixed municipal solid waste commercial generators - 297H.03
    • Nonmixed municipal solid waste - 297H.04
    • Self-haulers - 297H.05
    • Exemptions - 297H.06
    • Billing - 297H.07
    • Payment; Reporting - 297H.08
    • Bad debts - 297H.09
    • Enforcement and penalty - 297H.10
    • Requirements and potential liability of waste management service providers - 297H.11
    • Use tax - 297H.115
    • Information regarding the solid waste management tax -297H.12
    • Deposits, allocations and reporting - 297H.13

    HTML icon Minn. Stat. 299K - Hazardous chemical emergency

    Waste-related chapters include

    • Definitions - 299K.01
    • Office of Emergency Response - 299K.02
    • Emergency Response Commission - 299K.03
    • Regional review committee - 299K.04
    • Local emergency plan - 299K.05
    • Public information depository- 299K.06
    • Notification to Emergency Management Center -299K.07
    • Facility required to comply - 299K.08
    • Fee rules - 299K.09
    • Hazardous materials incident response fees - 299K.095
    • Enforcement - 299K.10

    HTML icon Minn. Stat. 325E - Trade practices

    Waste-related chapters include

    • Metal beverage containers – 325E.03
    • Sale and labeling of plastics – 325E.042 – 325E.046
    • Used motor oil – 325E.10 – 325E.113
    • Lead acid batteries – 325E.115-325.12
    • Batteries and cordless products – 325E.125-325E.1251
    • Fluorescent lamps containing mercury – 325E.127

    HTML icon Minn. Stat. 400 - Solid waste management

    This statute relates to county solid waste programs

    Chapters include

    • Policy and authorization - 400.01
    • Applicability - 400.02
    • Definitions in Chapter 116, Section 115A.03 - 400.03
    • Solid waste management program - 400.04
    • Inspection and cooperation with agency - 400.06
    • Development of resource recovery systems - 400.07
    • Service areas and charges - 400.08
    • Revenue bonds - 400.09
    • Bonds - 400.101
    • Tax levies; advance funding - 400.11
    • Solid waste management fund - 400.13
    • Disposition of property - 400.14
    • Gifts, grants, or loans - 400.15
    • Solid waste and sewage sludge management regulations - 400.16
    • Hazardous waste regulations - 400.161
    • County designation of resource recovery facility - 400.162
    • Citation - 400.17

    HTML icon Minn. Stat. 473 - Metropolitan government

    Waste-related chapters include

    Metropolitan Council

    • Solid waste planning – 473.149
    • Solid and hazardous waste disclosure – 473.151

    Solid and hazardous waste

    • Definitions - 473.801
    • Metropolitan agency recycling goal - 473.8011
    • Planning - 473.803
    • Household hazardous waste management - 473.804
    • Waste management by counties - 473.811
    • Records and inspection - 473.812
    • Cities, counties, towns; contracts - 473.813
    • Rules and permits - 473.823
    • Debt service and bonds - 473.834

    Landfill abatement

    • Citation - 473.841
    • Definitions - 473.842
    • Solid waste landfill fee - 473.843
    • Landfill abatement fund - 473.844
    • Local recycling development program - 473.8441
    • Metropolitan landfill contingency action account - 473.845
    • Report to Legislature - 473.846
    • Operator or owner liability for response expenses - 473.847
    • Restriction on disposal - 473.848
    • Prohibition - 473.849

     

     

    Statutes and rules

     

    When the Minnesota Legislature passes a law, the law is recorded and placed into legal code known as codification. Statutes are a codification of those laws. By codifying laws into Statutes, the laws are placed into context of statutes that have been on the books in previous years.

    Administrative rules are not enacted by the Legislature. Rather, the Legislature gives the state agency or unit the authority to establish its own rules. These administrative rules have the force and effect of law.

    Waste Management Act

    The Waste Management Act (WMA) and associated rules have been updated as of the 2013 legislative session. A printable copy of the WMA is available below. This hard copy will not be regularly updated but has been converted into a PDF for the convenience of those who wish to print a portable copy. For the most up-to-date statutes, please use the above links to the WMA.