Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) is a federal law covering a range of programs dealing with waste disposal, recycling, and recovery. One of these programs, the RCRA Corrective Action program, is aimed at investigating and cleaning up improperly managed hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facilities. The RCRA Corrective Action process includes:

  • Facility assessment — Working with the property owner or operator to review records, visit the facility, and evaluate if soil or groundwater has been affected. May include soil or water sampling.
  • Facility investigation — If necessary, the facility owner or operator design an investigation plan with an environmental consultant to determine the extent of any contamination.
  • Corrective measure study — If the investigation indicates the need for cleanup, a corrective measure study outlines cleanup alternatives and makes a recommendation.
  • Corrective measure implementation — Implementing the recommended cleanup plan

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Hazardous waste sites with RCRA permits and "interim" sites, which have applied for RCRA permits but not completed the process, are both subject to RCRA corrective action. In some cases, sites where hazardous waste has been released into the environment will go through the RCRA Correction Action process, even when the sites are not regulated by RCRA permits.

Active RCRA Corrective Action sites in Minnesota

February 2022

Site name EPA ID   City Permitted facility Hazardous waste landfill
3M Cottage Grove


  Cottage Grove Yes No
Alliant Techsystems MND081138604   Elk River Yes No
BAE Systems MND980824890   Fridley Yes Yes
Brenntag Great Lakes MND006213664   St. Paul No No
DM&IR Railway MND006961239   Proctor No No
Evoqua Water Technologies MND981098478   Roseville Yes No
Federal Cartridge MND006156590   Anoka Yes Yes
Flint Hills Resources Pine Bend Refinery MND000686071   Rosemount Yes No
Gerdau St. Paul Mill MND041775008   St. Paul Yes Yes
Gopher Resource MND006148092   Eagan Yes No
IBM Rochester MND006161756   Rochester No No
Mayo Medical Center MND083467688   Rochester Yes No
Safety-Kleen Blaine MND981953045   Blaine Yes No
Safety-Kleen Eagan MND981097884   Eagan Yes No
SPX/City of Sartell Lagoon 3 MND985668342   Sartell Yes Yes
ST Paper MND982205494   Duluth Yes Yes
Stewart Lumber MND006220396   Minneapolis No No
Univar Minneapolis MND054497052   Minneapolis No No
Univar Shakopee MND000686709   Shakopee Yes No
University of MN - FTCEM MN0000981415   Minneapolis Yes No
Xcel Energy MND000826206   Minneapolis Yes No