Volkswagen settlement data

These interactive data tools help us understand the current fleet of diesel equipment in Minnesota and the emissions improvements Minnesota might be able to achieve by using VW settlement funds to upgrade to modern technologies. There is also a tool that shows where the violating VW diesel vehicles were registered in the state, and another tool that displays areas of environmental justice concern in Minnesota. 

The tools allow users to explore a variety of pollutants. The VW settlement is based on violations of federal emission standards for nitrogen oxides. Fine particles are the other primary pollutant of concern from diesel emissions. Fine particles are the primary driver of health risks from diesel emissions. To learn more about air pollution emissions in Minnesota and the primary sources of those pollutants, visit our Air Emissions Data Explorer.

The VW settlement requires that states spend settlement funds on a specific list of project types to reduce diesel emissions. Diesel projects must take an old, dirty diesel vehicle off the road and replace it with newer, cleaner technology. To learn more about the settlement and eligible project types, check out Volkswagen Settlement 101.

Volkswagen diesel ownership

This data tool shows the counties in Minnesota where the violating VW vehicles are registered. 

Heavy-duty diesel in Minnesota

This data tool provides information on the current fleet of diesel equipment in Minnesota. It shows modeling estimates for number of vehicles and equipment and their emissions. The data is for vehicles and equipment model years 1990-2009 to represent the older diesel equipment that is eligible for replacement through the VW settlement.

Vehicle and fuel comparisons

This data tool allows users to see modeled emissions from representative old (1998 and 2005) diesel vehicles and compare those to emissions of modern (2018) vehicles of a variety of fuel types. The tool provides emissions data for a variety of pollutants. This tool allows users to explore the emissions benefits of upgrading different vehicle types to modern technology. It includes a representative sample of heavy-duty diesel vehicles.

The model used to develop this tool is limited to on-road vehicles and only includes a certain set of alternative fuel technologies. Therefore, the tool does not include off-road equipment or all eligible on-road vehicles, and there may be some modern alternative fuel technologies available that are not represented here. 

Minnesota Areas of Environmental Justice Concern 

This interactive Story Map shows areas of environmental justice concern in Minnesota. The MPCA uses the US Census tract as the geographic unit to identify these areas. The Agency considers a census tract to be an area of concern for environmental justice if it meets one or both of these demographic criteria:

  • The number of people of color is greater than 50%; or
  • More than 40% of the households have a household income of less than 185% of the federal poverty level

Additionally, the MPCA considers communities within Tribal boundaries as areas of concern. This is an initial first step to identify areas where additional consideration or effort is needed to evaluate the potential for disproportionate adverse impacts, to consider ways to reduce those impacts, and to ensure meaningful community engagement as described in MPCA's PDF icon Environmental Justice Framework.