Closed Landfill Program
The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) Closed Landfill Program (CLP) is a voluntary program established by the legislature in 1994 to properly close, monitor, and maintain Minnesota's closed municipal sanitary landfills. There are currently 109 closed landfills in the CLP.
The Minnesota Legislature enacted the Landfill Cleanup Act (LCA) (Minn. Stat. ch. 115B.39 - 115B.445 ) in 1994. The purpose of the LCA is to ensure the proper closure and post-closure care at up to 112 closed, permitted municipal sanitary landfills located through Minnesota. Based on this legislation, the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) created the Closed Landfill Program (CLP) to administer the LCA mandates. The legislature amended the LCA in 1999 and again in 2000. These two amendments allowed additional sites to enter the CLP.
Any MPCA-permitted mixed municipal solid waste landfill that stopped accepting mixed municipal solid waste (MMSW) by April 9, 1994, and demolition debris before May 1, 1995, can qualify for application to this program. Some of the landfills in the CLP are owned by the state, while others remain in private or public ownership. Because the CLP is a voluntary program, not all closed permitted landfills are in the CLP; however, most closed, permitted facilities in the state have opted to join the CLP.
After the landfill owners/operators enter into an agreement with the MPCA (referred to as a Binding Agreement) and complete the requirements set forth in that agreement, the owner/operators are issued a Notice of Compliance (NOC). Once the NOC has been issued, the MPCA assumes responsibility for any remaining cleanup work, closure construction, and long-term care of the landfill. In some cases, past Superfund cleanup costs were reimbursed to owner/operators or other responsible parties.
The CLP determines the risk to public health and safety and the environment at each site using a scoring model. Landfills are scored based on hazards present at each site (monitoring data and field observations), the conditions that exacerbate those hazards (example: subsurface conditions), and the likelihood the public will be exposed to those hazards (distance to wells and buildings, population density). Landfills with high risk scores receive a high ranking or priority. This list helps the CLP prioritize where it will take response actions.
- MPCA Closed Landfill Risk Priority List (updated January 2013)
Funding for the program currently comes from the MPCA's Remediation Fund and state general obligation bonds.
- The CLP primary contact is Doug Day, Supervisor, 651-757-2302.
- For more information about CLP annual reports to the Minnesota Legislature, contact Shawn Ruotsinoja, Project Leader, 651-757-2683
- Sampling Protocol for collecting groundwater samples at closed landfills
Minnesota statutes provided for the MPCA to seek contributions from the insurance industry to off-set some of the costs to run the CLP. For more information regarding the Insurance Recovery Effort, contact Tom Newman, Project Leader, 651-757-2609.
The LCA requires the MPCA to develop a Land Use Plan (LUP) for each qualified landfill in the CLP. All local land-use plans must be consistent with the MPCA's LUP.
Essentially, the LUP will compare land-use designations and zoning ordinances prescribed by the local unit of government and compare these to the MPCA's future land-use plans for the landfill. If these are in conflict, the local government's land-use designations and ordinances will need to be modified to become compatible with the MPCA's land-use plans.
Where there are significant changes at a landfill, the MPCA will provide local units of government with a Site Annual Report. Site Annual Reports contain data about the landfill, including possible gas migration and/or groundwater contamination that may be leaving the qualified facility. Site Annual Reports also contain important information local units of government should use to determine appropriate land-use designations for properties adjacent to the qualified facility to protect public health and safety.
More information is available in the following fact sheet:
The majority of landfills in the CLP have some type of passive gas-venting system to collect and exhaust the methane gasses that form in the waste due to decomposition processes. In addition, 15 landfills have an active gas-extraction system and an additional five landfills will have operational gas-extraction systems before the end of 2004. Active landfill gas-extraction systems are increasingly being considered for the following beneficial uses:
- reduction in methane migration and vegetative loss;
- greenhouse gas reduction;
- reduction of volatile organic compounds otherwise migrating to ground water or the air; and
- potential gas-to-energy use.
With advancements in electrical generation technology, such as microturbines, and the maturation of the CLP, it has become evident that direct use of extracted landfill gas as a boiler fuel or for the production of electricity may provide beneficial use for this renewable energy source. It is estimated that if all landfills where active gas extraction systems are either completed or planned were developed for electrical generation, these landfills would have the capacity to produce as much as 8 to 10 megawatts of electricity. This would provide sufficient electricity for the annual needs of more than 9,300 homes.
The CLP is exploring several options to maximize development of this renewable energy resource. The CLP has begun working with consultants to define the economic and technical feasibility of developing various landfill gas-to-energy projects at those landfills for which those projects are best suited. Based on the feasibility study results, the CLP intends to develop several projects to demonstrate the value of landfill gas-to-energy.
You can also use the KMZ file below with Google Earth to locate CLP sites. You have the option to either use a temporary copy of the data or save a copy to your computer for later use.
The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) Closed Landfill Program (CLP) is mandated by statute to report to local units of government and other interested entities the following:
- description of the real property in the CLP
- description of activities that have taken place or will take place at each facility
- reasonably accurate description of the types, locations and potential movements of hazardous substances, pollutants and contaminants, or decomposition gases related to each facility.
This information is to be made available to the public and updated as necessary. In fulfillment of that requirement, individual site annual reports are completed for each facility within the CLP and are updated as necessary. These reports are available on the CLP Site Reports page.
The 1994 Landfill Cleanup Act (MN Stats. 115B.412 subd. 10) requires the MPCA to provide a report to the Legislature on past fiscal-year activities and anticipated future work.
For more information about CLP annual reports to the Minnesota Legislature, contact Shawn Ruotsinoja, Project Leader, 651-757-2683.
- Minnesota Closed Landfill Program Report - 2012
- Minnesota Closed Landfill Program Report - 2011
- Minnesota Closed Landfill Program Report - 2010
- Minnesota Closed Landfill Program Report - 2008
- Minnesota Closed Landfill Program Report - 2007
Information about specific closed landfill sites.
The Washington County Reconstruction Project commenced on June 2, 2009. The project is scheduled for completion by October 31, 2012, although it may be done sooner if all goes well. Project status updates and data from testing of ambient air quality and groundwater around the landfill will be posted here periodically. See links below for the data.
- Ambient air-quality data
- Groundwater quality data:
- Spreadsheet of Analytical Results in Residential Wells Sampled in Lake Elmo (September 2009)
Any questions about these reports may be directed to the MPCA Project Team.
- Pat Hanson, Project Manager, 651-757-2409
- Peter Tiffany, Project Engineer, 651-757-2784
- Ingrid Verhagen, Project Hydrogeologist, 651-757-2800